Tattoos are patches of indelible ink that are put under the top layer of skin by use of needles. However, it is also possible to have temporary ones which are stuck on top of skin and last anywhere from a day to several weeks. A tattoo can be put on animal skin in a process that is referred to as branding. It can be put on human skin for cosmetic purposes and even for medicinal purposes.
It has been done by various cultures around the world for centuries, and is difficult to trace the origin of the practice, since many cultures seem to have been doing it for a long time. The design can basically on any part of the body of the bearer.
Tattooing for religious purposes is also not uncommon, because it is a show of faith and allegiance to that particular sect. However, quite a number of religious groups have banned this practice and shun it for one reason or another. Sometimes it is due to historical events that were a dark period for that religion.
Tattooing has increasingly become popular, with many tattoo studios across the country where people can get the work done for payment. There are also many synonyms for it, for example the short form, tat or getting ink or getting work done. The people who do the work are referred to as artists. Their work is displayed in galleries. It is even possible to copyright these works.
As technology has advanced, there are safer methods of getting ink done. Also, there is a much wider variety of pigment color available these days compared to the past. One can get basically whatever design or color or size of tattoo that they wish to have, be it a depiction of a role model, an inspiring symbol or a name, in whatever font.
The artist usually uses a stencil and some form of a marker in order to create the outline which he will later fill in with ink from an electrical appliance mounted with needles. The purpose of this is to get the approval of the bearer as well as to organize the work of the artist so as to avoid mistakes. Costs usually depend on the nature of the design and the size.
There are also different techniques employed such as in the ink, neon colors can be used to give different effects such as black light which are invisible in regular light and visible in the presence of a black light. This is an interesting effect because with it one can reveal their skin without necessarily revealing the canvassed area.